To determine the prevalence of, and factors associated with, burnout among pediatric intensivists across a variety of practice settings.
A population-based survey, using a mailed questionnaire that included a previously validated Burnout Scale.
Private and academic pediatric critical care practices.
Respondents from among all members of the Pediatric Section of the Society of Critical Care Medicine and all physicians certified in pediatric critical care medicine by the American Board of Pediatrics.
The questionnaire consisted of demographic items, variables noted in the literature as being associated with burnout and a validated Burnout Scale.
We found that a high degree of burnout exists in pediatric critical care medicine, with 50% of pediatric intensivists at risk or burned out.
Overall, there was no association between Burnout Scores and training, practice specialties, or practice settings, nor was there an association with aspects of practice that are physically taxing.
However, perceptions about the value of their work and feelings of success and satisfaction were highly associated with those respondents classified as burned out.
Routine exercise (a strategy used by some for stress reduction) was associated with lower Burnout Scores.
Further studies are necessary to evaluate the trends that we have reported and to identify causal factors.
(Crit Care Med 1995 ; 23 : 1425-1429).
Mots-clés Pascal : Médecin, Pratique professionnelle, Surmenage, Spécificité individuelle, Satisfaction professionnelle, Stress, Unité soin intensif, Pédiatrie, Coping, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Physician, Professional practice, Overstrain, Individual specificity, Job satisfaction, Stress, Intensive care unit, Pediatrics, Coping, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0502011
Code Inist : 002A26L09. Création : 01/03/1996.