Collection of domestic waste. Review of occupational health problems and their possible causes.
During the last decade, a growing interest in recycling of domestic waste has emerged, and action plans to increase the recycling of domestic waste have been agreed by many governments.
A common feature of these plans is the implementation of new systems and equipment for the collection of domestic waste which has been separated at source.
However, only limited information exists on possible occupational health problems related to such new systems.
Occupational accidents are very frequent among waste collectors.
Based on current knowledge, it appears that the risk factors should be considered as an integrated entity, i.e. technical factors (poor accessibility to the waste, design of equipment) may act in concert with high working rate, visual fatigue due to poor illumination and perhaps muscle fatigue due to high work load.
Musculoskeletal problems are also common among waste collectors.
A good deal of knowledge has accumulated on mechanical load on the spine and energetic load on the cardio-pulmonary system in relation to the handling of waste bags, bins, domestic containers and large containers.
However, epidemiologic studies with exposure classification based on field measurement are needed, both to further identify high risk work conditions and to provide a detailed basis for the establishment of occupational exposure limits for mechanical and energetic load particularly in relation to pulling, pushing and tilting of containers.
Mots-clés Pascal : Déchet domestique, Gestion déchet, Exposition professionnelle, Homme, Médecine travail, Muscle strié pathologie, Epidémiologie, Danemark, Europe, Récupération déchet, Toxicité, Aérosol, Accident travail, Composé volatil, Relation dose réponse, Interaction toxique, Article synthèse
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Domestic refuse, Waste management, Occupational exposure, Human, Occupational medicine, Striated muscle disease, Epidemiology, Denmark, Europe, Waste recovery, Toxicity, Aerosols, Occupational accident, Volatile compound, Dose activity relation, Poison interaction, Review
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0498111
Code Inist : 002B03M01. Création : 01/03/1996.