Organochlorine residues in human breast milk : analysis through a sentinel practice network.
Hannover sentinel workshop. Hannover DEU, 1994/03/04.
The study aimed to assess through a sentinel practice network the validity of data on levels of organochlorine residues in human milk along with personal, lifestyle, and exposure variables of breastfeeding women ; to compare the results of this new approach with those of the Lower Saxony breast milk surveillance programme ; and to test hypotheses on potential determinants of contamination levels.
Altogether 156 primiparous, breast feeding German women, aged 25-35 years, who had been born and had grown up in West Germany, were studied.
Compared with the regular programme, participants in this study had their milk analysed sooner after delivery and were more likely to have grown up in rural areas, less likely to have been exposed to hazardous substances, less likely to have a diet of health food, and slightly less likely to be a smoker at the time of the study.
Sentinel practice networks are a feasible and low-biased approach to population based breast milk studies.
The contamination levels and associations found are biologically plausible and comparable with the results of other studies.
To reduce organochlorine residue levels in human milk in the short term, breastfeeding women should be advised not to try to reduce their weight until after lactation.
Mots-clés Pascal : Organochloré, Pesticide, Taux, Polluant, Environnement, Lait femme, Allaitement, Homme, Femelle, Surveillance sanitaire, Réseau, Allemagne, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Organochlorine compounds, Pesticides, Rate, Pollutant, Environment, Human milk, Breast feeding, Human, Female, Sanitary surveillance, Network, Germany, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0489483
Code Inist : 002B03G. Création : 01/03/1996.