Measles, mumps, and rubella : monitoring in Switzerland through a sentinel network 1986-94.
Hannover sentinel workshop. Hannover DEU, 1994/03/04.
Since 1986, the national sentinel network in Switzerland (Sentinella) has collected reports of measles, mumps, and rubella cases in order to evaluate the impact of the Swiss MMR vaccination campaign (started in 1987) on disease frequency.
Passive surveillance of clinical measles, mumps, and rubella cases through a voluntary physician based sentinel network in Switzerland.
Each year between June 1986 and May 1994,150 to 200 general practitioners, specialists in internal medicine, and paediatricians in private practice covering the whole country have reported weekly numbers of consultations.
Every patient who fulfilled the case definition and consulted a physician participating in the Sentinella network was reported.
Reductions in cases of measles and rubella but an appreciable increase in mumps cases have been observed in the past three years in Switzerland.
This finding, combined with increasing vaccination coverage and the fact that 60% of mumps cases are reported in vaccinated people, suggests that the overall efficacy of the mumps vaccines used in Switzerland is probably below 80%. Under these conditions the goal of eliminating mumps will probably not be reached.
Further studies are needed to evaluate the efficacy of the different mumps vaccines used.
Mots-clés Pascal : Rougeole, Virose, Infection, Oreillons, Rubéole, Surveillance sanitaire, Réseau, Homme, Suisse, Europe, Epidémiologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Measles, Viral disease, Infection, Mumps, Rubella, Sanitary surveillance, Network, Human, Switzerland, Europe, Epidemiology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0489481
Code Inist : 002B05C02C. Création : 01/03/1996.