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  1. Changes in alcohol consumption resulting from the elimination of retail wine monopolies : results from five U.S. States.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    The role of publicly owned and operated retail alcohol monopolies is currently under debate in many Western and former Eastern-bloc countries.

    We studied the effects of privatizing wine sales in five U.S. states.

    Method 

    Data on monthly sales of alcoholic beverages were collected for each of the five states, for all states bordering each of the five states and for the U.S. as a whole for the period from 1968 through 1991.

    Beer and spirits sales data were collected for comparison with wine sales.

    A quasiexperimental interrupted time-series design was used, including comparison groups consisting of border states, all other U.S. states and beer and spirits sales within the focal state.

    Box-Jenkins time-series statistical modeling was used to control for intra-and cross-series dependencies and to estimate the net effect of privatization on wine sales.

    Results 

    After controlling for both nationwide and state-specific trends, we found significant increases in wine sales after privatization of 42% in Alabama, 150% in Idaho, 137% in Maine, 75% in Montana and 15% in New Hampshire.

    Conclusions 

    The structure of the retail alcohol distribution system has a significant effect on alcohol sales.

    We recommend that the social costs associated with increased alcohol use be carefully considered before such major policy changes are contemplated.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Privatisation, Vente, Vin, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Privatisation, Sales, Wine, United States, North America, America, Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0489053

    Code Inist : 002B18C05B. Création : 01/03/1996.