A questionnaire survey of 260 health care workers from 13 randomly selected health care facilities was undertaken.
Their knowledge, attitude, belief and blood handling practices regarding HIV/AIDS were enquired about.
Virtually all (99.0%) respondents had heard about AIDS but only 57.0% had seen an AIDS patient before.
Although 83.0% knew that AIDS is caused by a virus, a high proportion still confuses mode of transmission with causative agent.
Deficient knowledge was exhibited when asked about groups of people who were at a higher risk of contracting HIV and AIDS.
Almost all (97.0%) of our respondents claimed to have been more careful in their blood handling practices since the emergence of AIDS, 68.5% wore gloves for all procedures involving handling of blood and 28.5% sometimes although as many as 30.4%, 40.4% and 18.1% do not wear gloves for cleaning up blood stained materials. nursing procedures and taking obstetric delivery respectively.
It was evident from their responses that not all the health workers knew the correct method for disposing of used blood-stained instruments and left-over blood samples and neither were they all adhering to the safety guidelines recommended for handling these materials.
Education of all health care workers in Nigeria on the Universal Precautions Guidelines issued by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in 1987 regarding blood, body fluids and contaminated instruments'handling precautions is urgently recommended.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Exposition professionnelle, Personnel sanitaire, Milieu hospitalier, Homme, Pratique professionnelle, Prévention, Connaissance, Attitude, Croyance, Enquête, Recommandation, Nigéria, Prise conscience, Virose, Infection, Afrique, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Occupational exposure, Health staff, Hospital environment, Human, Professional practice, Prevention, Knowledge, Attitude, Belief, Inquiry, Recommendation, Nigeria, Awareness, Viral disease, Infection, Africa, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0487757
Code Inist : 002B30A03C. Création : 01/03/1996.