Hispanic versus white smoking patterns by sex and level of education.
Although past studies have compared cigarette smoking patterns in Hispanics and whites, few have examined differences within sex and educational subgroups.
Data are presented for 1,088 Hispanic women and men (89% Mexican-American origin) and pairwise matched white women and men (544 pairs), aged 25-74 years, who participated in population-based cross-sectional surveys in California in 1979-1990.
Each pair was matched on age, sex, educational level, city of residence, and survey time period.
There were large differences in smoking prevalence rates between Hispanic and white pairs with low educational attainment.
White women and men with less than a high school education were approximately twice as likely to be current daily cigarette smokers as were similarly educated Hispanic women and men (46.1 vs. 20.6% for women and 52.7 vs. 30.1% for men).
As the level of education increased, these ethnic differences in smoking decreased and became negligible among those who completed college.
Only 8.3% of low-educated Hispanic men who were current daily smokers had ever been advised by a physician to stop smoking, compared with 59.6% of low-educated white men.
These data confirm ethnic differences in smoking behavior and identify the high smoking rates of white men and women with low educational attainment, thus delineating an often unrecognized group toward whom tobacco prevention and cessation activities should be directed.
Am J Epidemiol 1995 ; 142 : 410-18.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Epidémiologie, Ethnie, Caucasoïde, Sexe, Niveau étude, Californie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Hispanique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Epidemiology, Ethnic group, Caucasoid, Sex, Education level, California, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0487619
Code Inist : 002B18C05C. Création : 01/03/1996.