Does routine screening for breast cancer raise anxiety ? Results from a three wave prospective study in England.
To investigate whether mammography raises anxiety in routinely screened women who receive a negative result.
Prospective design in which women completed questionnaires at three key points in the breast screening process.
Two overlapping samples were used.
Sample A comprised 1500 women aged 50-64 who were due to be called for first round screening at a mobile screening unit.
Altogether 1021 (68%) returned a usable questionnaire and 795 of these (78%) also provided adequate information at nine month follow up.
On average, the women were not unduly anxious at any of the three points in the screening process.
Among attenders, there was no difference between anxiety levels immediately before and immediately after screening.
Anxiety was lowest at the clinic and highest at baseline but the changes were very small in absolute terms.
Anxiety did not predict attendance.
Anxiety does not seem to be an important problem in routinely screened women who receive a negative result.
This finding is very reassuring in relation to a major criticism of breast screening programmes.
Thus, apart from maintaining current procedures such as keeping waiting times to a minimum, there seems to be no need to introduce special anxiety reducing interventions into the national programme.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Glande mammaire, Dépistage, Mammographie, Epidémiologie, Angoisse anxiété, Homme, Femelle, Royaume Uni, Europe, Glande mammaire pathologie, Radiodiagnostic
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Mammary gland, Medical screening, Mammography, Epidemiology, Anxiety, Human, Female, United Kingdom, Europe, Mammary gland diseases, Radiodiagnosis
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0482168
Code Inist : 002B20E02. Création : 01/03/1996.