Cardiovascular disease begins early in life but might be prevented or delayed by primary prevention programs designed for children and adolescents.
Regular physical activity is an important part of primary prevention programs, and school physical education programs have potential for the promotion of regular physical activity.
Cardiovascular disease is the major cause of death among Hispanics and African Americans in the United States.
Low levels of fitness and increased body mass index are common in African American and Hispanic adolescents.
Increased physical activity and the adoption of healthy eating habits would increase fitness and reduce body mass index among these adolescents.
The purpose of the study was to undertake a small-scale controlled trial to determine if Dance for Health, an intervention program designed to provide an enjoyable aerobic program for African American and Hispanic adolescents, has a significant effect on improving aerobic capacity, helping students maintain or decrease weight, and on improving attitudes toward physical activity and physical fitness.
In the first year of the program (1990-91), approximately 110 boys and girls ages 10-13 years participated in an aerobic dance pilot program three times per week for 12 weeks.
The usual physical activity consisted mostly of playground activities.
Students in the intervention had a significantly greater lowering in body mass index and resting heart rate than students in regular physical activity.
Mots-clés Pascal : Programme sanitaire, Adolescent, Ethnie, Noir américain, Danse, Fitness, Exercice physique, Rythme cardiaque, Indice masse corporelle, Etats Unis, Hispanique, Promotion santé, Homme, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sanitary program, Adolescent, Ethnic group, Black American, Dance, Fitness, Physical exercise, Heart rate, Body mass index, United States, Health promotion, Human, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0482074
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 01/03/1996.