The maternal mortality rate in the Third World remains high despite the launch of the Safe Motherhood Initiative (SMI) in 1987.
There are various sociocultural, political and economic factors which play a major role in this.
The five main causes of maternal mortality are haemorrhage, sepsis, unsafe abortion, hypertensive disorders and obstructed labour.
The key to safe motherhood lies in providing quality maternity care for all women.
It is important to know the nature and the extent of the problems in the community so that appropriate technology can be introduced with optimum utilization of the available resources.
The different ways of achieving safe motherhood are discussed with emphasis on community based interventions.
The SMI goals can be reached provided the Safe Motherhood programmes are well funded, the community workers well trained and the leaders of the community and the nation dedicated.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tiers monde, Mortalité, Gestation, Accouchement, Postpartum, Article synthèse, Education sanitaire, Programme sanitaire, Prévention, Femelle, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Third World, Mortality, Pregnancy, Delivery, Puerperium, Review, Health education, Sanitary program, Prevention, Female, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0481814
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 01/03/1996.