Study objective-To examine trends in socioeconomic inequalities in cardiovascular risk factors using educational attainment to indicate socioeconomic status.
Behavioural data, physical measurements, blood pressure, and lipid determination collected in three, successive multicentre cross sectional community surveys conducted in 1980,1983, and 1989.
The six state capital cities of Australia ; Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide, Perth, and Hobart.
A total of 19315 randomly selected respondents stratified by age (25-44,45-64) and sex.
During the 1980s, average blood pressure declined for each level of educational attainment.
Dietary messages to reduce the intake of saturated fat had little effect on the lipid profile of any population group.
Height and educational attainment were positively associated.
Women increased in weight from between 2 to 4 kg depending on age and educational attainment while older men experienced increases of around 2-5 kg regardless of ecucational attainment.
Conclusions-The lower socioeconomic group has improved its risk factor profile but its relative disadvantage compared with the higher socioeconomic group persists.
Health promotion activities in Australia seem to have been effective in reaching the lower socioeconomic groups but the challenge to reduce inequalities remains.
Mots-clés Pascal : Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Facteur risque, Inégalité, Statut socioéconomique, Niveau étude, Epidémiologie, Analyse tendance, Australie, Océanie, Age, Sexe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cardiovascular disease, Risk factor, Inequality, Socioeconomic status, Education level, Epidemiology, Trend analysis, Australia, Oceania, Age, Sex
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0479823
Code Inist : 002B12A09. Création : 01/03/1996.