Self-reported data, confirmed by serum thiocyanate, show a consistent decline of smokers among males (from 48 to 41%), more evident in younger age groups.
In females, smoking prevalence is stable (23-24%), although thiocyanate levels in the whole samples indicate a slight but significant tendency to decrease.
Education demonstrates positive influences against smoking, particularly in younger male classes.
In females a crossover effect is observable : in the second survey youngest group, education results protective against smoking ; the contrary is true in the older groups.
Our data, detailing what was initially recognized in previous Italian surveys, may be useful to specify the directions of future preventive actions.
The trends of age-gender specific prevalence of self-reported smoking habits are presented, observed in two population surveys, performed in 1986-87 and 1989-90 in Area Brianza, a northern Italian industrialized district where a WHO MONICA Centre is located.
Methods were internationally standardized to obtain comparable data on two independent random samples, each composed of 1,600 subjects, age-sex stratified and extracted from the 25-64 year old residents.
A closed question interview was administered to identify smoking condition, number of cigarettes consumed per day and attained educational level, categorized in compulsory school and post-compulsory school.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Analyse tendance, Epidémiologie, Homme, Italie, Europe, Nord, Prévalence, Politique sanitaire, Sevrage toxique, Education sanitaire, Evaluation, Sexe, Age
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Trend analysis, Epidemiology, Human, Italy, Europe, North, Prevalence, Health policy, Poison withdrawal, Health education, Evaluation, Sex, Age
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0477195
Code Inist : 002B18C05C. Création : 01/03/1996.