Clinical services for psychiatrically impaired populations have only recently been studied with scientifically valid designs to explore innovations in structure, accessibility, and financing.
Health systems reform in the United States has provided the impetus for better defining clinically effective and cost-sensitive models for mental health services.
This article reviews assertive community treatment, used for adults with severe mental illnesses, and multisystemic therapy, used for adolescents with serious emotional disturbances.
The authors reviewed the published controlled clinical trials of assertive community treatment and multisystemic therapy, focusing on the clinical and administrative elements that distinguish them from traditional service systems.
A qualitative assessment of these two approaches suggests that they share common elements, with important implications for mental health policy.
Specifically, the use of an ecological model of behavior applied to mental health patients is critical to both systems.
As empirically tested approaches, assertive community treatment and multisystemic therapy provide a scientific foundation for continued reform and serve to illustrate critical elements in designing new community treatment initiatives for behavioral as well as medical conditions.
Mots-clés Pascal : Organisation santé, Système santé, Trouble psychiatrique, Traitement, Psychiatrie communautaire, Traitement communautaire, Service santé, Article synthèse, Santé mentale, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Réforme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Public health organization, Health system, Mental disorder, Treatment, Community psychiatry, Community treatment, Health service, Review, Mental health, United States, North America, America, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0470437
Code Inist : 002B18H05B. Création : 01/03/1996.