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  1. Black-white differences in the stage at presentation of prostate cancer in the District of Columbia.

    Article - En anglais

    Objectives

    Prostate cancer (PC) is a major health problem for American black males.

    Blacks experience higher PC incidence and mortality compared to whites.

    Although the racial difference in PC incidence remains unexplained, the difference in PC mortality has been largely attributed to the late stage of disease at presentation.

    By using the incidence data on District of Columbia residents, this study compares the stage at diagnosis between black men and white men and attempts to determine if observed differences may be attributed to socioeconomic status (SES).

    Methods

    Reporting facilities staged PC using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results summary staging scheme.

    Averages of high school education, income, and home ownership at the census tract level were used as proxies for SES, and frequency distributions were reported.

    Data were stratified based on stage to examine the influence of race and SES on stage.

    Results

    For 1987 to 1991,980 men (median age, 71 years) were reportedly diagnosed with PC.

    Black patients are younger and prostate tumors appear more likely to be more aggressive among blacks than whites.

    Conclusions

    Late stage diagnosis is associated with favorable SES indicators.

    This suggests the need for more intensive efforts to address issues related to access, quality, and utilization of cancer screening services as they pertain to all African-American men in the District of Columbia irrespective of their social status.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Epithélioma, Prostate, TNM système, Stade clinique, Epidémiologie, Etude comparative, Diagnostic, Mortalité, Homme, Mâle, Ethnie, Négroïde, Caucasoïde, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Tumeur maligne, Appareil urinaire pathologie, Appareil génital mâle pathologie, Prostate pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Carcinoma, Prostate, TNM-System, Clinical stage, Epidemiology, Comparative study, Diagnosis, Mortality, Human, Male, Ethnic group, Negroid, Caucasoid, United States, North America, America, Malignant tumor, Urinary system disease, Male genital diseases, Prostate disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0467794

    Code Inist : 002B14D02. Création : 01/03/1996.