Die Entwicklung von Lebenserwartung und Sterblichkeit in Ostdeutschland nach der Wende (1989-1992).
Traduction en anglais : Life expectancy and mortality in East Germany after the fall of the Berlin Wall (1989-1992).
Whereas some arguments can be advanced suggesting that the life expectancy in east Germany should have declined directly after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, other arguments suggest an increase.
The aim of this study was to identify the actual developments and to explain the findings.
Census data and mortality statistics from East and West Germany before unification were used to calculate standardized mortality ratios and life expectancies for various population groups.
The differences in life expectancy between East and West were broken down according to age groups.
The main finding was that the life expectancy of east German men declined in 1990 by 0.9 years, and only reached the 1989 level again in 1992.
This was due solely to an increase in mortality for men under the age of 65.
In 1990 and 1991, there were 3 400 more deaths among men under the age of 65 than would have been expected on the basis of the mortality rates of 1989.
It could be shown that the findings were not the results of artifacts.
The findings can be interpreted as showing that the political and social upheaval resulting from the fall of the Berlin Wall represented a considerable stress factor for men of working age.
Although women were affected by unemployment to a higher degree, they were apparently able to compensate better.
In spite of all that, the life expectancies in east and west Germany will converge over the coming years.
Mots-clés Pascal : Mortalité, Etat sanitaire, Allemagne, Statistique sanitaire, Homme, Espérance vie, Réunification, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mortality, Health status, Germany, Sanitary statistics, Human, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0462794
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 01/03/1996.