Current guidelines of the Adult Treatment Panel on High-Density Lipoprotein-Cholesterol (HDL-C) emphasize the protective effect of HDL-C in reducing one's risk for coronary heart disease and recommend that individuals with serum HDL-C levels below 35 mg/dL utilize hygienic means to raise them.
A cross-sectional study was performed to examine the relationship of the hygienic factors obesity (measured by percent body fat and body mass index), smoking, and aerobic exercise to HDL-C.
The sample, consisting of 1701 male employees of a large aerospace hardware assembly plant, were evaluated by health risk appraisal and anthropometric measurement.
Regression analysis revealed a significant negative relationship between body mass index, percent body fat, age, smoking and the level of HDL-C in the blood.
Alcohol consumption was directly related to HDL-C, and Whites had a lower HDL-C than all other races combined.
Aerobic exercise was not found to be significantly related to HDL-C.
A model (multiple R2=1136) consisting of age, race, alcohol consumption, smoking, and body mass index fit the data well.
These findings justify weight management and smoking cessation interventions for raising HDL-C.
The role of medication and genetic and dietary factors in HDL-C management should also be explored.
Although findings from this study support smoking cessation and weight management interventions, longitudinal research is needed to determine the most effective strategy for HDL-C management.
Mots-clés Pascal : Cholestérol HDL, Epidémiologie, Biométrie corporelle, Anthropométrie, Exercice physique, Tabagisme, Mode de vie, Lieu travail, Education sanitaire, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cholesterol HDL, Epidemiology, Corporal biometry, Anthropometry, Physical exercise, Tobacco smoking, Life habit, Work place, Health education, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0462530
Code Inist : 002B30A03C. Création : 01/03/1996.