This article examines whether the public's avowed attitudes to people with HIV are as punitive and stigmatizing as those infected think they are, and the extent to which public attitudes may contribute to felt stigma.
A street survey was conducted in Glasgow and Edinburgh, Scotland, asking a stratified quota sample of 300 men and women of all ages to complete a short questionnaire about their attitudes toward people with HIV.
The same questionnaire was also completed by 42 men and women with HIV.
One in five respondents in the street survey, and all of those with HIV, were also asked to complete the questionnaire imagining that they were a typical member of the public, to find out whether both groups attributed more hostile attitudes to generalized others than they themselves professed.
Overall, the general public had relatively liberal views about people with HIV although a majority felt that some restrictions should be placed upon their freedom.
Controlling for age, sex, socioeconomic status and city, people with HIV had more liberal attitudes than the general public, but perceived public attitudes to be far less liberal than were reported in the street survey.
These results provide evidence of felt stigma among people with HIV and the policy implications are discussed.
The findings are also set within a theoretical framework concerning the nature of attitudes and the pervasiveness of negative images associated with AIDS.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Attitude, Perception sociale, Autoperception, Stigmate, Ecosse, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe, Enquête, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Attitude, Social perception, Self perception, Stigma, Scotland, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe, Inquiry, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0461141
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 01/03/1996.