Maternal activity budgets : feasibility of exclusive breastfeeding for six months among urban women in Honduras.
Although exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months is likely to be beneficial for infant health, mothers often cite time pressures as a reason to introduce other foods.
Using 12-hr in-home observations at 19 and 24 wk postpartum, we compared maternal activity budgets and time spent breastfeeding among low-income, urban mothers not employed outside the home who exclusively breastfed (EBF) or gave other foods in addition to breast milk (BF+SF).
Breastfeeding time was similar between groups (averaging approx 75 min/l2 hr) except that multiparous EBF mothers at 24 wk spent more time breastfeeding their infants than did BF+SF mothers.
Primiparous women tended to spend less time at household chores and child care than multiparous women.
Of the BF+SF mothers, 60% said that breastfeeding was'somewhat'or'very'time-demanding (vs 15% of EBF mothers), 49% said that it interfered with other activities (vs 6% of EBF mothers), and 26% said that they gave other foods to extend the time between breastfeeds.
Although many of the BF+SF mothers knew that giving foods may increase infant illness, there were cultural pressures not to exclusively breastfeed.
For example, many introduced solids to their infants prior to 6 months because they believed that infants should'learn'how to eat other foods, to'acclimate'the stomach and learn to differentiate flavors.
We conclude that time constraints are not a barrier to exclusive breastfeeding in this population, although they may be perceived as a barrier.
Mots-clés Pascal : Budget temps, Mère, Allaitement, Milieu rural, Pauvreté, Honduras, Nourrisson, Perception sociale, Amérique Centrale, Amérique, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Time budget, Mother, Breast feeding, Rural environment, Poverty, Honduras, Infant, Social perception, Central America, America, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0461138
Code Inist : 002B30A03C. Création : 01/03/1996.