This paper discusses the results of an anthropological study of beliefs and practices concerning commonly occurring illnesses, such as infection with guinea worm (nierifu), in two rural Dagomba communities in the Northern Region of Ghana.
The importance of knowing about local perceptions and treatment of guinea worm is stressed.
Guinea worm is not attributed to water.
After a description of the background to the study, the methods are characterized.
Brief background information on the people, their environment and their water sources are given.
The central portion of the paper focuses on local perceptions of illness and notions of guinea worm, which are very different from those of biomedicine.
Attention is also given to perceptions of water ('bitter'vs'sweet') and the prevention of guinea worm.
The social limitations to the filter technology are addressed.
People's choice of therapy and the role of medicines in treatment of guinea worm are also considered.
The paper concludes with a discussion of health education and stresses the importance of showing respect for the local view of guinea worm, which is said to be'in the blood'It is suggested that, since people are not adverse to the use of Western pharmaceuticals, the use of Western medicines to treat guinea worm should be further promoted.
The social constraints on filtering must also be appreciated.
Mots-clés Pascal : Dracunculose, Filariose, Nématodose, Helminthiase, Parasitose, Infection, Dracunculus medinensis, Nematoda, Nemathelminthia, Helmintha, Invertebrata, Ghana, Afrique, Nord, Homme, Milieu rural, Croyance, Milieu culturel, Traitement, Perception sociale, Hygiène, Eau potable, Education sanitaire, Anthropologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Dracunculosis, Filariosis, Nematod disease, Helminthiasis, Parasitosis, Infection, Dracunculus medinensis, Nematoda, Nemathelminthia, Helmintha, Invertebrata, Ghana, Africa, North, Human, Rural environment, Belief, Cultural environment, Treatment, Social perception, Hygiene, Drinking water, Health education, Anthropology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0461135
Code Inist : 002B05E03B4B. Création : 01/03/1996.