Using prospective data, we examined the relationship between occupational stress and risk for alcohol disorders.
Consistent with the Demand/Control model for psychosocial work environments, we hypothesized that individuals working in high-strain occupations (jobs with high demands and low control) would be at increased risk for alcohol abuse-dependence relative to those in low-strain occupations (jobs with low demands and high control).
We classified high occupational strain into two categories : (1) jobs with high psychological demands and low control, and (2) those with high physical demands and low control.
A total of 18,571 study subjects were selected in 1980-1984 by taking probability samples of adult household residents at five sites of the Epidemiologic Catchment Area Program.
At baseline, participants completed standardized interviews that measured sociodemographic variables and assessed whether they had met diagnostic criteria for currently or formerly active alcohol abuse-dependence syndromes.
The interviews were readministered 1 year later to identify cases among the participants.
The results highlight occupational stress as a potential risk factor for alcohol abuse and dependence, and add to the growing body of literature on relationships between psychosocial work environment and disease states.
If confirmed in other studies, these findings identify potential sources of preventive strategies for alcohol disorders.
Mots-clés Pascal : Stress, Activité professionnelle, Epuisement usure, Facteur risque, Alcoolisme, Dépendance, Enquête, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Stress, Professional activity, Occupational burnout, Risk factor, Alcoholism, Dependence, Inquiry, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Human
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0458865
Code Inist : 002A26L09. Création : 01/03/1996.