Recently, a dramatic decline in the cumulative incidence of diabetic nephropathy (<10% after 25 years of diabetes) has been reported in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) patients diagnosed before the age of 15 years between 1961 and 1980.
In a clinic-based study, we assessed recent trends in the incidence of diabetic nephropathy.
All 356 patients in whom IDDM was diagnosed before the age of 41 years between 1965 and 1979, identified in 1984, were followed until 1991 or until death.
All patients were Caucasians and resided in Copenhagen.
The cumulative incidences (life-table method) of diabetic nephropathy (urinary albumin excretion =300 mg/24 h in two out of three consecutive samples) after 15 years of diabetes and in 1991 were 18 ± 4 and 35 ± 5% (cumulative incidence ± SE ; onset of diabetes 1965-1969, n=113), 20 ± 4 and 35 ± 5% (onset of diabetes 1970-1974, n=130), and 16 ± 5% (onset of diabetes 1975-1979, n=113), respectively (NS at 15 years).
Our study revealed no evidence suggesting a so-called calendar effect, i.e., declining cumulative incidence of diabetic nephropathy with increasing calendar year of diabetes onset.
The lack of calendar effect may in part be explained by poor metabolic control and a high and unchanged prevalence of smoking (58-71%). Diabetes 44 : 739-743,1995.
Mots-clés Pascal : Diabète insulinodépendant, Evolution, Néphropathie, Complication, Epidémiologie, Endocrinopathie, Immunopathologie, Maladie autoimmune, Appareil urinaire pathologie, Rein pathologie, Homme, Danemark, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Insulin dependent diabetes, Evolution, Nephropathy, Complication, Epidemiology, Endocrinopathy, Immunopathology, Autoimmune disease, Urinary system disease, Renal disease, Human, Denmark, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0458753
Code Inist : 002B21E01B. Création : 01/03/1996.