The general practice of coronary interventions is influenced by various aspects, traditional, cultural, socioeconomic and personal.
The aim of this survey was to collect the data on coronary interventions in all member countries of the European Society of Cardiology.
The data from 12 of the 35 national members were missing or grossly incomplete and were therefore excluded from the analysis.
Coronary angiography The total number of coronary angiograms was reported as 683888, an incidence of 1009±1021per million inhabitants (range 9 (Romania) to 3076 (Germany)). Germany (246115 cases), France (144 754), the United Kingdom (76296), Italy (45517) and Spain (43495) registered 81% of all the coronary angiograms performed.
Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) The total number of reported PTCAs was 147 729, which on average accounted for 19 ± 11% (range 2 (Lithuania) to 53% (Netherlands)) of the coronary angiograms.
Most of the PTCAs (82%) were confined to a single vessel.
The highest incidence of multivessel PTCA was reported from Slovakia (28%). PTCA took place immediately after the diagnostic study in only 18% of cases.
Adjusted per capita, Germany ranked first with 703 PTCAs per million inhabitants, followed by Iceland (619), France (614), Belgium (568) and Austria (485).
A major in-hospital complication was reported in 2.5% of the patients undergoing PTCA : 0.4% hospital deaths, 1.0% emergency CABGs and 1.1% myocardial infarctions.
Mots-clés Pascal : Cardiopathie coronaire, Homme, Traitement, Traitement instrumental, Dérivation, Aortocoronaire, Chirurgie, Dilatation instrumentale, Voie percutanée, Endoprothèse, Europe, Epidémiologie, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Stent
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Coronary heart disease, Human, Treatment, Instrumentation therapy, Bypass, Aortocoronary, Surgery, Instrumental dilatation, Percutaneous route, Endoprosthesis, Europe, Epidemiology, Cardiovascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0457054
Code Inist : 002B12A03. Création : 01/03/1996.