Nemawashi is a semi-formal but systematic and sequential consensus building procedure in Japan by which the approval of a proposed idea or project is sought from every person in a significant organizational position.
For foreigners planning research in Japan, this concept has important implications since the project approval process is more obscure than in many Western countries.
In this paper, I discuss observations as an outsider the research environment and culture in a Japanese hospital as seen from the inside, and draw conclusions for conducting research in Japan.
The proposed project sought to obtain information on the way Japanese physicians use family and patient preferences in clinical decision-making.
This process alone took three weeks and personal negotiations by my advisor at six levels before final project approval was granted by the dean.
For actual data collection, my advisor made personal introductions to a high ranking physician from each department which greatly facilitated the scheduling of subsequent interviews with other faculty members in that department.
The personal introductions by my host professor ensured 100% participant cooperation.
Based on these observations, research approval in Japan appears to be hierarchical, dependent upon a personal advocate and institution-specific.
While ethics committee review may be optional, it should be considered as necessary, but not sufficient for project approval.
To ignore nemawash.
Mots-clés Pascal : Recherche appliquée, Japon, Négociation, Homme, Consensus, Asie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Applied research, Japan, Bargaining, Human, Asia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0452286
Code Inist : 002B30A11. Création : 01/03/1996.