Zigaretten-Alkohol-und Drogenkonsum bei 12-bis 13jährigen Jugendlichen - eine anonyme Befragung bei 2979 Schülern.
Traduction en anglais : Consumption of cigarettes, alcohol and drugs by youngsters between 12 and 13 years of age - an anonymous inquiry among 2.979 schoolboys.
A total of 2.979 schoolboys and schoolgirls attending different types of German schools during their seventh year of school attendance (which begins at the age of six) were investigated by means of an anonymous questionnaire in two medium-sized German cities and their suburbs, in respect of smoking behaviour and consumption of drugs and alcoholic beverages.
The proportion of schoolboys and schoolgirls smoking at least once or twice a week depended on the type of school.
A similar distribution was seen in respect of alcohol and drug consumption.
Schoolboys and schoolgirls smoking at least once or twice a week will also be drinking a glass of beer per week six times as often as non-smoking pupils.
In respect of wine the ratio is 4 : 1 and in respect of brandy 7 : 1. Smokers among the pupils have been trying out drugs at least once, six times as often as non-smokers.
Results are statistically highly significant (p<0.001).
It is concluded that smoking behaviour expresses a basic readiness to consume habit-forming substances that may even lead to addiction.
The need for longitudinal studies is stressed.
Possibilities of preventing cigarette smoking and hence maybe also the consumption of drugs and alcohol by juveniles are discussed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Alcoolisme, Toxicomanie, Epidémiologie, Préadolescent, Homme, Milieu scolaire, Enquête, Allemagne, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Alcoholism, Drug addiction, Epidemiology, Preadolescent, Human, School environment, Inquiry, Germany, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0448290
Code Inist : 002B18C05D. Création : 01/03/1996.