In July 1994, current occupational and environmental medicine (OEM) residents (n=180) were surveyed about their motivation for decisions to enter OEM residencies, near-term and long-term career goals, and their opinions on various strategies for recruitment to the field.
A total of 151 persons responded (84%), representing all 40 accredited OEM residencies in the United States and Canada.
A total of 16% first learned about OEM in medical school, and 11% were first exposed during residency training.
Most respondents (62%) decided to enter OEM residency training after beginning their professional working careers.
Only 11% of respondents decided to enter OEM residency training before (2%) or during (9%) medical school, whereas 24% made their decision during internship or residency.
Although only 25% of respondents stated that a role model had a significant impact on their decision to pursue training in OEM, persons influenced by a role model were more likely to have made the decision to pursue a career in OEM during medical school or clinical residency training (odds ratio=2.4 ; 95% CI, 1.0-5.4 ; Fisher's exact two-tailed P value=0. 04).
In the short term, residents were most often interested in working for industry (32%), whereas over the long term, careers in consulting were most often preferred (39%). The data have important implications for strategies to increase recruitment to residency training programs in OEM and to increase staffing in the field.
Mots-clés Pascal : Médecine travail, Recrutement, Motivation, Carrière professionnelle, Etudiant, Enquête, Homme, Etats Unis, Canada, Interne(étudiant), Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational medicine, Recruitment, Motivation, Career, Student, Inquiry, Human, United States, Canada, Resident, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0429547
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 01/03/1996.