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  1. Social consequences of psychiatric disorders. I : Education attainment.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    This is the first in a series of investigations of the social consequences of psychiatric disorders based on the National Comorbidity Survey.

    Data on the relationship between preexisting psychiatric disorders and subsequent educational attainment are presented.

    Method 

    The National Comorbidity Survey is a nationally representative survey of 8,098 respondents in the age range 15-54 years.

    A subsample of 5,877 respondents completed a structured psychiatric interview and a detailed risk factor battery.

    Diagnoses of DSM-III-R anxiety disorders, mood disorders, substance use disorders, and conduct disorder were generated, and survival analyses were used to project data on school terminations to the total U.S. population.

    Results 

    Early-onset psychiatric disorders are present in more than 3.5 million people in the age range of the National Comorbidity Survey who did not complete high school and close to 4.3 million who did not complete college.

    The most important disorders are conduct disorder among men and anxiety disorders among women.

    Conclusions 

    Early-onset psychiatric disorders probably have a variety of adverse consequences.

    The results presented here show that truncated educational attainment is one of them.

    Debate concerning whether society can afford universal insurance coverage for the treatment of mental disorders needs to take these consequences into consideration.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble psychiatrique, Réussite scolaire, Echec scolaire, Impact social, Enquête, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Adolescent, Homme, Adulte

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental disorder, Academic achievement, School failure, Social impact, Inquiry, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Adolescent, Human, Adult

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0428420

    Code Inist : 002B18C14. Création : 01/03/1996.