Breast-feeding in a low-income population : program to increase incidence and duration.
To evaluate the efficacy of an intervention program to increase breast-feeding in a low-income, inner-city population.
A randomized, nonblinded clinical control trial.
Patients were followed up through pregnancy, delivery, and the first year of the infant's life or until the time of weaning from the breast, whichever came first.Intervention : This program consisted of individual prenatal lactation consultation, daily rounds by the lactation consultant on the postpartum unit, and outpatient follow-up at 48 hours after discharge, at the time that the infant was 1 week of age, and at all future health supervision visits for infants up to 1 year of age.
Main Outcome Measures
The incidence and duration of breast-feeding.
There was a markedly higher incidence of breast-feeding in the intervention group, as compared with that of the control group (61% vs 32%, respectively ; P=002).
The duration of breast-feeding was also significantly longer in the intervention group (P=005).
This lactation program increased the incidence and duration of breast-feeding in our low-income cohort.
We suggest that similar efforts that are applied to analogous populations may increase the incidence and duration of breast-feeding in low-income populations in the United States.
Mots-clés Pascal : Pennsylvanie, Allaitement, Lait maternel, Alimentation, Nourrisson, Programme sanitaire, Evaluation, Promotion santé, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Pennsylvania, Breast feeding, Breast milk, Feeding, Infant, Sanitary program, Evaluation, Health promotion, United States, North America, America, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0414079
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 01/03/1996.