Improving pediatric residents'alcohol and other drug use clinical skills : use of an experiential curriculum.
To evaluate the effectiveness of an experiential alcohol and other drug curriculum on pediatric residents'knowledge, attitudes, and skills in alcohol and other drug issues.
Nonrandomized control trial.
Pediatric residents (n=44).
Intervention residents received an experiential AOD curriculum consisting of participation in an adolescent assessment program, interactive didactic sessions, role-playing practice, and interviewing skills sessions.
Pretest comparisons of written knowledge and clinical skills as assessed by the Objective Structured Clinical Evaluation showed no significant differences between the intervention and the control groups.
Analysis of written test scores revealed that residents'general knowledge as well as knowledge of screening techniques and management resources related to AOD issues increased significantly more for the intervention group than for the control group from pretest to posttest.
Evaluation of the videotapes showed significant improvement for the intervention group compared with controls in overall score and in the use of specific screening techniques and interviewing skills.
Pediatric residents receiving an experiential AOD curriculum increased their knowledge and clinical skills in AOD issues significantly more than residents receiving no formal training.
Similar curricula and evaluation could be used by other primary care residency.
Mots-clés Pascal : Toxicomanie, Intoxication, Ethanol, Boisson alcoolisée, Substance toxicomanogène, Etudiant, Programme éducatif, Enseignement professionnel, Diagnostic, Interne(étudiant)
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Drug addiction, Poisoning, Ethanol, Alcoholic beverage, Drug of abuse, Student, Educational schedule, Occupational education, Diagnosis, Resident
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0413122
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 01/03/1996.