Anabolic-steroid use, strength training, and multiple drug use among adolescents in the United States.
This study examined the relationships between anabolic-steroid use and the use of other drugs, sports participation, strength training, and school performance among a nationally representative sample of US high school students.
Randomized survey data from the 1991 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Youth Risk Behavior Survey.
A total of 12 272 9th through 12th grade students.
The frequency of anabolic-steroid use was significantly associated with the frequency of use of cocaine, the use of other drugs such as amphetamines and heroin, tobacco smoking, and alcohol use.
The weighted prevalences of anabolic-steroid use were higher among male (4.08%) than female students (1.2%). Students living in the South (3.46%) reported higher prevalences than students in the Midwest (3.0%), West (2.02%), or Northeast (1.71%). Students with self-perceived below-average academic performances (5.10%) and students reporting injected drug use also reported higher anabolic-steroid use (51.57%). Conclusion.
These data suggest that adolescent anabolic-steroid users in this country are more likely to engage in strength training, injected drug use, and the use of multiple drugs, even after controlling for sports participation and poorer academic performance.
These data confirm previous findings of an association between multiple drug use and anabolic-steroid use.
Also, engaging in strength-training.
Mots-clés Pascal : Adolescent, Etats Unis, Toxicomanie, Substance toxicomanogène, Association, Ethanol, Tabac, Intoxication, Sport, Boisson alcoolisée, Stéroïde, Anabolisant, Performance physique, Epidémiologie, Dopage, Homme, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Adolescent, United States, Drug addiction, Drug of abuse, Association, Ethanol, Tobacco, Poisoning, Sport, Alcoholic beverage, Steroid, Anabolic agent, Physical performance, Epidemiology, Doping, Human, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0413111
Code Inist : 002B02V. Création : 01/03/1996.