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  1. Short-term effects of air pollution on health : a European approach using epidemiological time-series data : the APHEA project : background, objectives, design.

    Article - En anglais

    Recent studies investigating the adverse health effects of air pollution indicate that effects exist around and below the current national and international air quality guidelines and standards.

    However, the difficult methodological issues involved, and the diversity of analytical techniques so far applied, hinder direct between-study comparability and the drawing of clear conclusions.

    The APHEA (Air Pollution on Health : European Approach) project is an attempt to provide quantitative estimates of the short-term health effects of air pollution, using an extensive data base from 10 different European countries, which represent various social, environmental and air pollution situations.

    Within the framework of the project, the methodology of analysing epidemiological time series data, as well as that of performing meta-analysis, are further developed and standardized.

    Data have been collected from 15 European cities with a total population exceeding 25 million.

    The exposure data consist of daily measurements of black smoke, sulphur dioxide, suspended particles, nitrogen dioxide and ozone (each available in several, though not all, cities) from already existing monitoring networks.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Pollution air, Mortalité, Méthodologie, Surveillance, Homme, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Epidémiologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Air pollution, Mortality, Methodology, Surveillance, Human, Respiratory disease, Epidemiology

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0409627

    Code Inist : 002B30A02A. Création : 01/03/1996.