To test the hypothesis that the observed difference in earnings between male and female obstetrician-gynecologists could be explained by variations in productivity and human capital.
Data from a 1991 national survey of ACOG Fellows were used to provide a descriptive analysis of male and female obstetrician-gynecologists'demographic characteristics, net income, experience, practice characteristics, workload, and practice activities.
Variables found to have a significant impact on net income or to vary significantly by sex were included in a multiple regression analysis.
Twenty-one percent of the 1286 survey respondents were female obstetrician-gynecologists.
Women were almost twice as likely as men to be in salaried positions (P<. 001) and more than twice as likely to have less than 10 years of experience (P<. 001).
Women reported fewer annual patient-contact hours (P<. 05) and performed fewer than half as many hysterectomies (P<. 001).
Average annual earnings for women were 71% of men's annual net income (P<. 001).
More than half of the overall male-female income gap was explained by differences in personal and practice characteristics.
However, female obstetrician-gynecologists earned 14.2% less than men, after controlling for variations in productivity and human capital. (Obstet Gynecol 1995 ; 86 : 112-18).
Mots-clés Pascal : Gynécologie, Obstétrique, Médecin, Sexe, Activité professionnelle, Salaire, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Gynecology, Obstetrics, Physician, Sex, Professional activity, Wage, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0402312
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 01/03/1996.