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  1. Gender influences on earnings of obstetrician-gynecologists.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    To test the hypothesis that the observed difference in earnings between male and female obstetrician-gynecologists could be explained by variations in productivity and human capital.

    Methods 

    Data from a 1991 national survey of ACOG Fellows were used to provide a descriptive analysis of male and female obstetrician-gynecologists'demographic characteristics, net income, experience, practice characteristics, workload, and practice activities.

    Variables found to have a significant impact on net income or to vary significantly by sex were included in a multiple regression analysis.

    Results 

    Twenty-one percent of the 1286 survey respondents were female obstetrician-gynecologists.

    Women were almost twice as likely as men to be in salaried positions (P<. 001) and more than twice as likely to have less than 10 years of experience (P<. 001).

    Women reported fewer annual patient-contact hours (P<. 05) and performed fewer than half as many hysterectomies (P<. 001).

    Average annual earnings for women were 71% of men's annual net income (P<. 001).

    Conclusion 

    More than half of the overall male-female income gap was explained by differences in personal and practice characteristics.

    However, female obstetrician-gynecologists earned 14.2% less than men, after controlling for variations in productivity and human capital. (Obstet Gynecol 1995 ; 86 : 112-18).

    Mots-clés Pascal : Gynécologie, Obstétrique, Médecin, Sexe, Activité professionnelle, Salaire, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Gynecology, Obstetrics, Physician, Sex, Professional activity, Wage, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0402312

    Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 01/03/1996.