The prevalence of respiratory symptoms in South Australian preschool children. I : Factors associated with indoor air quality.
This study investigated the relationship between indoor air quality and the prevalence of respiratory symptoms in South Australian preschool children.
Data were collected from 14124 families with a child aged 4 years 3 months to 5 years of age.
This sample represents 73% of the targeted State preschool population.
For preschool children residing in the greater Adelaide region, logistic regression analyses found that having a natural gas stove compared to an electric stove was significantly associated with increased prevalence rates for :
(i) asthma (odds ratio [OR] 1.24) ;
(ii) wheezing in the preceding 12 months (OR 1.16) ;
excessive colds (OR 1.14) ;
and hay fever (OR 1.13).
The use of a liquid petroleum gas stove compared to an electric stove was not associated with any respiratory symptoms.
The use of a flueless gas heater compared to other forms of heating was significantly associated with increased prevalence rates for dry cough (OR 1.26), ever having wheezed (OR 1.15) and wheezing in the preceding 12 months (OR 1.18).
The use of a wood fire/heater compared to other forms of heating was significantly associated with a reduced prevalence rate for dry cough (OR 0.84) and ever having wheezed (OR 0.82).
These results suggest that respiratory symptom prevalence is related to the fuel used for cooking and heating and parental smoking.
Prospective investigation regarding indoor air quality and respiratory symptoms is required.
Mots-clés Pascal : Symptomatologie, Enfant, Homme, Age préscolaire, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Australie, Océanie, Facteur milieu, Pollution intérieur, Qualité air, Asthme, Tabagisme, Parent, Chauffage, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive, Trouble respiratoire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Symptomatology, Child, Human, Preschool age, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Australia, Oceania, Environmental factor, Indoor pollution, Air quality, Asthma, Tobacco smoking, Parent, Heating, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0398652
Code Inist : 002B11B. Création : 01/03/1996.