So far, laparoscopic approaches to kidney and adrenal have been limited because of their retroperitoneal location.
We here report eight renal and adrenal endoscopic procedures performed in seven patients : two adrenalectomies for hyperaldosteronism, one adrenalectomy for isolated metastasis from an adenocarcinoma of the lung ; two nephrectomies for end-stage infected hydronephrosis, two partial nephrectomies for small circumscribed lesions of the kidney, and one endoscopic resection for pain relief of a voluminous cyst at the kidney.
The approach was transperitoneal in two cases and retroperitoneal in five cases using the retropneumoperitoneum insufflation technique.
One patient was operated by a combined approach using the retro-and transperitoneal routes.
All procedures were successfully completed endoscopically.
The retroperitoneoscopic approach of the kidney is safe and does not interfere with the peritoneal organs.
Its working space allows a direct access on the kidney with good exposure of its pedicle.
For adrenal surgery, the retroperitoneoscopic dissection is more difficult, because movements of instruments are often impaired by the closeness of the costal margin and the iliac crest.
However, in case of difficulties we found it very convenient to switch from a retroperitoneal endoscopic approach to a combined coelioscopic and retroperitoneoscopic operation.
Far from excluding each other, both approaches are complementary, particularly for difficult situations.
Mots-clés Pascal : Chirurgie, Rein, Surrénale, Laparoscopie, Rétropéritonéal, Coelioscopie, Apprentissage, Technique, Modèle animal, Porc, Artiodactyla, Ungulata, Mammalia, Vertebrata, Formation professionnelle
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Surgery, Kidney, Adrenal glands, Laparoscopy, Retroperitoneal, Coelioscopy, Learning, Technique, Animal model, Pig, Artiodactyla, Ungulata, Mammalia, Vertebrata, Occupational training
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0397595
Code Inist : 002B25H. Création : 01/03/1996.