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  1. Weapon involvement in home invasion crimes.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective

    - To study the epidemiology of home invasion crimes and determine the frequency with which firearms are used to resist these crimes.

    Design

    - Prospective case series.

    Setting

    - Atlanta, Ga (population 402877).

    Methods

    Between June 1 and August 31,1994, Atlanta Police Department reports were screened to identify every case of unwanted entry into an occupied, single-family dwelling.

    Cases of sexual assault and incidents that involved cohabitants were excluded.

    Results

    - A total of 198 cases were identified during the study interval.

    Half (99 cases) involved forced entry into the home.

    The victim and offender were acquainted in one third of cases.

    A firearm was carried by one or more offenders in 32 cases (17%). Seven offenders (3.5%) carried knives.

    In 42% of cases, the offender fled without confronting the victim.

    Victims who avoided confrontation were more likely to lose property but much less likely to be injured than those who were confronted by the offender.

    Resistance was attempted in 62 cases (31%), but the odds of injury were not significantly affected by the method of resistance.

    Conclusion

    - A minority of home invasion crimes result in injury.

    Measures that increase the difficulty of forced entry or enhance the likelihood of detection could be useful to prevent these crimes.

    Although firearms are often kept in the home for protection, they are rarely used for this purpose. (JAMA. 1995 ; 273 : 1759-1762).

    Mots-clés Pascal : Pénétration, Maison individuelle, Corrélation, Utilisation, Arme à feu, Protection individuelle, Epidémiologie, Médecine légale, Homme, Amérique du Nord, Amérique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Penetration, One family house, Correlation, Use, Fire arm, Individual safety equipment, Epidemiology, Legal medicine, Human, North America, America

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0397175

    Code Inist : 002B30A10. Création : 01/03/1996.