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  1. National estimates of nonfatal firearm-related injuries : beyong the tip of the iceberg.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective

    - To describe the magnitude and characteristics of nonfatal firearm-related injuries treated in hospital emergency departments in the United States and to compare nonfatal injury rates with firearm-related fatality rates.

    Design

    - Data were obtained from medical records for all firearm-related injury cases identified using the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) from June 1,1992, through May 31,1993.

    Setting

    - NEISS comprises 91 hospitals that are a stratified probability sample of all hospitals in the United States and its territories that have at least six beds and provide 24-hour emergency service.

    Main Outcome Measures

    - Numbers and population rates for nonfatal and fatal firearm-related injuries.

    Results

    - An estimated 99 025 (95% confidence interval [Cl], 56 325 to 141 725) persons (or 38.6 per 100000 population ; 95% Cl, 22.0 to 55.2) were treated for nonfatal firearm-related injuries in US hospital emergency departments during the study period.

    The rate of nonfatal firearm-related injuries treated was 2.6 (95% Cl, 1.5 to 3.7) times the national rate of fatal firearm-related injuries for 1992.

    Conclusions

    - Nonfatal firearm-related injuries contribute substantially to the overall public health burden of firearm-related injuries.

    NEISS can be useful to monitor the number of nonfatal firearm-related injuries in the United States. (JAMA. 1995 ; 273 : 1749-1754).

    Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Arme à feu, Incidence, Urgence, Service hospitalier, Problème, Epidémiologie, Homme, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Traumatologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Fire arm, Incidence, Emergency, Hospital ward, Problem, Epidemiology, Human, North America, America, Traumatology

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0397138

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 01/03/1996.