National estimates of nonfatal firearm-related injuries : beyong the tip of the iceberg.
- To describe the magnitude and characteristics of nonfatal firearm-related injuries treated in hospital emergency departments in the United States and to compare nonfatal injury rates with firearm-related fatality rates.
- Data were obtained from medical records for all firearm-related injury cases identified using the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) from June 1,1992, through May 31,1993.
- NEISS comprises 91 hospitals that are a stratified probability sample of all hospitals in the United States and its territories that have at least six beds and provide 24-hour emergency service.
Main Outcome Measures
- Numbers and population rates for nonfatal and fatal firearm-related injuries.
- An estimated 99 025 (95% confidence interval [Cl], 56 325 to 141 725) persons (or 38.6 per 100000 population ; 95% Cl, 22.0 to 55.2) were treated for nonfatal firearm-related injuries in US hospital emergency departments during the study period.
The rate of nonfatal firearm-related injuries treated was 2.6 (95% Cl, 1.5 to 3.7) times the national rate of fatal firearm-related injuries for 1992.
- Nonfatal firearm-related injuries contribute substantially to the overall public health burden of firearm-related injuries.
NEISS can be useful to monitor the number of nonfatal firearm-related injuries in the United States. (JAMA. 1995 ; 273 : 1749-1754).
Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Arme à feu, Incidence, Urgence, Service hospitalier, Problème, Epidémiologie, Homme, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Traumatologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Fire arm, Incidence, Emergency, Hospital ward, Problem, Epidemiology, Human, North America, America, Traumatology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0397138
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 01/03/1996.