The objectives of this study were to determine the risk for coughing as an adverse reaction to angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors under everyday circumstances in a large population and to study whether this adverse effect is more common in women.
A population-based case-control study was used.
The study was set in the practices of 161 Dutch general practitioners (GPs), in which all consultations, morbidity, mortality, medical interventions and prescriptions were registered during 4 consecutive 3-month periods in 4 consecutive groups of 40-41 GPs.
The subjects were 24/6 patients with incident coughing and up to 3 controls per case were obtained (total group : 7348 controls), matched for GP and a contemporary consultation in the same 3 months.
All cases and controls were 20 years or older and had no notification of respiratory infections, influenza, tuberculosis, asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, congestive heart failure, sinusitis, laryngitis, haemoptysis or respiratory neoplasms during the 3-month period.
The results showed that cases were J. 6 times as likely as controls to have been exposed to ACE inhibitors (95% CI : 2.4-5.5) but after adjustment for potential confounders the odds ratio was 2.5 (95% CI : 1.6-3.9).
In conclusion we can say that the risk for coughing is increased two-to threefold among ACE inhibitor users.
Although the odds ratio for females is higher than the odds ratio for males, the difference is modest.
Mots-clés Pascal : Toxicité, Toux, Epidémiologie, Enalapril, Captopril, Homme, Pays Bas, Europe, Trouble respiratoire, Inhibiteur angiotensin converting enzyme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Toxicity, Cough, Epidemiology, Human, Netherlands, Europe, ACE inhibitor
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0385073
Code Inist : 002B02U07. Création : 01/03/1996.