Sorting and recycling of domestic waste. Review of occupational health problems and their possible causes.
In order to reduce the strain on the environment from the deposition of waste in landfills and combustion at incineration plants, several governments throughout the industrialized world have planned greatly increased recycling of domestic waste by the turn of the millennium.
To implement the plans, new waste recycling facilities are to be built and the number of workers involved in waste sorting and recycling will increase steadily during the next decade.
Several studies have reinforced the hypothesis that exposure to airborne microorganisms and the toxic products thereof are important factors causing a multitude of health problems among workers at waste sorting and recycling plants.
Workers at transfer stations, landfills and incineration plants may experience an increased risk of pulmonary disorders and gastrointestinal problems.
High concentrations of total airborne dust, bacteria, faecal coliform bacteria and fungal spores have been reported.
The concentrations are considered to be sufficiently high to cause adverse health effects.
In addition, a high incidence of lower back injuries, probably due to heavy lifting during work, has been reported among workers at landfills and incineration plants.
Workers handling the source-sorted paper or carboard fraction do not appear to have an elevated risk of occupational health problems related to bioaerosol exposure, and the bioaerosol exposure is generally low.
Mots-clés Pascal : Eau usée domestique, Pollution, Eau douce, Epuration eau usée, Traitement déchet, Réutilisation déchet, Article synthèse, Toxicité, Homme, Exposition professionnelle, Usine incinération, Recyclage, Prospective
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Domestic waste water, Pollution, Fresh water, Waste water purification, Waste treatment, Waste reuse, Review, Toxicity, Human, Occupational exposure, Incineration plant, Recycling, Prospective
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0384430
Code Inist : 002B03M03. Création : 01/03/1996.