Blood lead concentrations in school children of upper silesian industrial zone, Poland.
Upper Silesian Industrial Zone (Katowice Voivodship, Poland), the country most industrialized and densely populated region is well recognized for the magnitude of environmental problems.
Due to local lead mining and processing environmental exposure to lead is considered one of the most important hazards to the health of children.
In the past, clinically confirmed cases of lead intoxication in children have been found and recent blood lead monitoring in major point source impact areas have documented increased blood lead concentration in children.
The study was undertaken in order to estimate the mean blood lead concentration (PbB) and its range in children aged seven years residing in urban non-point source impact area of Katowicde Voivodship, and to examine potential determinants of increased blood leaf concentration in these children.
The identified risk factors add credibility to suggested directions of preventive measures that should extend beyond already implemented lead emission control in the industry and involve increased use of unleaded gasoline, upgrading of housing conditions and promotion of proper hygienic standards on a household level.
The findings on the study indicate that children living in urban area of Upper Silesian Industrial Zone are at risk of overexposure to lead in environment, and justify the implementation of population-based screening program targeting children in younger age groups in the region.
Mots-clés Pascal : Plomb, Taux, Sang, Enfant, Homme, Age scolaire, Zone industrielle, Pologne, Europe, Epidémiologie, Santé et environnement, Métal lourd
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Lead, Rate, Blood, Child, Human, School age, Industrial area, Poland, Europe, Epidemiology, Health and environment, Heavy metal
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0382113
Code Inist : 002B03L05. Création : 01/03/1996.