Alcohol intake as a risk factor for peripheral arterial disease in the general population in the Edinburgh Artery Study.
The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between alcohol consumption and occurrence of peripheral arterial disease in the general population.
During 1988 in a cross sectional survey, the Edinburgh Artery Study, 1,592 men and women aged 55-74 years were selected at random from the age-sex registers of ten general practices distributed geographically and socio-economically across the city.
Participants were asked to recall the number of units of wine, beer and spirits consumed in the previous week and whether or not this was typical.
Peripheral arterial disease was measured using the ankle brachial pressure index (ABPI).
Men and women were analysed separately because of large differences in alcohol consumption.
There was no association between ABPI and alcohol consumption in women but, in men, increasing alcohol consumption was associated with a higher ABPI (test for trend, p=0.03) indicating less severe disease.
We conclude that in males, greater alcohol consumption is related to a higher ABPI and that any protective'effect'of alcohol relates to wine consumption rather than beer or spirits.
However, wine consumption could simply be an indicator of other social class differences affecting the risk of disease.
Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Ethanol, Epidémiologie, Artère pathologie, Etude transversale, Royaume Uni, Europe, Homme, Boisson alcoolisée, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Ethanol, Epidemiology, Arterial disease, Cross sectional study, United Kingdom, Europe, Human, Alcoholic beverage, Cardiovascular disease, Vascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0378515
Code Inist : 002B03F. Création : 01/03/1996.