Changing patterns of food, nutrition, and health in the Caribbean.
Countries of English-speaking Caribbean in the last thirty years have experienced an unprecedented epidemiological transition.
Malnutrition in children and infectious diseases, once the major public health problems, have considerably declined and have been replaced by obesity and chronic noncommunicable diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, stroke, coronary heart disease and cancers.
Countries of the Caribbean are net importers of food.
During this period of time total food availability has greatly improved but from health point of view this improvement is highly skewed.
The increase in the availability of total calories has been almost entirely due to increase in total fat, most of which is from foods from animal sources.
While cereals are adequately available, none of the countries meets the recommended population goals for fruits, vegetables, roots, tubers and legumes and they lack upwards of fifty per cent of their needs.
Indeed, an ecological study of food availability and disease pattern clearly shows a significant positive relationship between the increase in total calories and diabetes, and between total fat and coronary heart disease and cancers of prostate, breast and colon.
A significant inverse relationship can also be noticed between consumption of roots, tubers, fruits and vegetables and heart disease and colorectal cancer.
Mots-clés Pascal : Evolution, Coutume alimentaire, Alimentation, Etat nutritionnel, Maladie, Politique alimentaire, Homme, Bassin Caraïbe, Amérique, Pays anglophone
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Evolution, Food habit, Feeding, Nutritional status, Disease, Food policy, Human, Caribbean Basin, America, English speaking country
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0376564
Code Inist : 002B29B. Création : 01/03/1996.