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  1. Change in alcohol, tobacco and coffee consumption in pregnant women : evolution between 1988 and 1992 in an area of high consumption.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    Analyse the evolution of alcohol, tobacco and coffee consumption during pregnancy in a population characterized by a high level of consumption and a low socioeconomic situation.

    Study design 

    Data were obtained from two studies done with the same protocol and questionnaire in the Roubaix Public Maternity Hospital in 1988 (176 women) and 1992 (235 women) ; the two periods were compared using univariate tests and multiple logistic regression to control for social factors.

    Results 

    Between 1988 and 1992, there was a clear decrease in alcohol consumption, a slight decrease in coffee consumption and an increase in tobacco use.

    These changes affected usual consumption as well as consumption during pregnancy.

    The increase in tobacco use was no longer significant after controlling for social factors.

    However, the decrease in alcohol consumption affected all women regardless of sociodemographic characteristics, and remained significant after controlling for these characteristics.

    Conclusion 

    Several factors support the hypothesis that the decrease in the reported alcohol consumption is real, for consumptions in the low to moderate range.

    Besides, one negative aspect needs to be considered : the stability of the incidence of fetal alcohol syndrome, probably reflecting the stability of the proportion of very heavy consumers.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Changement, Comportement, Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Tabac, Café, Association, Gestation, Evolution, Evaluation, Homme, Femelle, Gestation pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Change, Behavior, Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Tobacco, Coffee, Association, Pregnancy, Evolution, Evaluation, Human, Female, Pregnancy disorders

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0375428

    Code Inist : 002B20F02. Création : 01/03/1996.