Is the relationship between childbearing and cancer incidence due to biology or lifestyle ? Examples of the importance of using data on men.
Several studies have documented significant relationships between a woman's reproductive career and her risk of developing certain types of cancer.
This can be due to biological processes triggered by pregnancy or various other factors that are influenced by or are influencing family size.
In this paper it is discussed how data on men can be used to gain insight into the nature of the cancer-parity relationship.
Hazard regression models for cancer incidence are estimated on the basis of register data for complete Norwegian birth cohorts.
Survey data are used to assess differences in tobacco and alcohol consumption according to parity.
It has been shown in previous studies that the effect of parity on the incidence of thyroid cancer, colorectal cancer and Hodgkin's disease is confined to women.
By contrast, the present analysis demonstrates that the incidence of oral and pharyngeal cancer (379 cases) is just as strongly related to parity when the focus is on men as it is in female-oriented models.
This research suggests that future investigations into the importance of reproductive factors for women's cancer incidence should be supplemented with corresponding model estimates for men whenever possible or relevant.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Epidémiologie, Parité, Homme, Mode de vie, Sexe, Mâle, Femelle, Norvège, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Epidemiology, Parity, Human, Life habit, Sex, Male, Female, Norway, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0365575
Code Inist : 002B04B. Création : 01/03/1996.