Serum cholesterol (TC) levels and coronary heart disease (CHD) are lower in China than in western countries.
This report examines the role of diet in determining TC.
Data were collected as part of a cross-sectional study of 10 000 men and women, 35-54 years old, conducted in 1983-1984 in four areas in China.
A 10% subsample was surveyed for eating patterns and measurement of blood lipids.
Six one-day dietary recalls were collected on each participant.
Mean daily intake of energy from fat was less than 30%. Mean Keys scores ranged from 20.4 to 32.6. In multivariable regression analysis controlling for age, body mass index (BMI), and alcohol, Keys score was statistically associated with serum TC.
A 10-unit greater Keys score was associated with 6.3 mg/dl higher TC and 4.0 mg/dl higher low density lipoprotein cholesterol.
We conclude that in China the relation of dietary factors to serum lipids is similar to that in populations having high serum TC levels.
Mots-clés Pascal : Lipide, Régime alimentaire enrichi, Consommation alimentaire, Comportement alimentaire, Epidémiologie, Taux, Sang, Lipémie, Milieu rural, Milieu urbain, Chine, Asie, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Lipids, Supplemented diet, Food intake, Feeding behavior, Epidemiology, Rate, Blood, Lipemia, Rural environment, Urban environment, China, Asia, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0365077
Code Inist : 002B29A. Création : 01/03/1996.