Smaller socioeconomic inequalities in health among women : the role of employment status.
Socioeconomic inequalities in health are smaller among women than among men.
In this paper, it is hypothesized that this is due to a gender difference in employment status.
We used data from the baseline of a Duch longitudinal study.
The socioeconimic indicators were educational level of the respondent and occupational level of the main breadwinner.
Logistic regression was used to assess the size of socioeconomic inequalities in the prevalence of chronic conditions and less than « good » perceived general health.
The smaller socioeconomic inequalities in health among women were partly due to a less pronounced concentration among women than among men of relatively unhealthy employment status caterogies (unemployed, long-term work-disabled) in lower socioeconomic groups.
These findings suggest that in the Netherlands the low proportion of women in paid employment, and thereby the low proportion of the unemployed/long-term disabled/early retired, explains part of the smaller socioeconomic inequalities in health among women.
The more pronounced concentration of those with a long-term work disability in lower socioeconomic groups among men, also points at the importance of working conditions of the gender difference in the size of socioeconomic inequalities in health.
Mots-clés Pascal : Epidémiologie, Autoperception, Santé, Morbidité, Inégalité, Sexe, Statut socioéconomique, Chomage, Catégorie socioprofessionnelle, Homme, Femelle, Pays Bas, Etude longitudinale, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Epidemiology, Self perception, Health, Morbidity, Inequality, Sex, Socioeconomic status, Unemployment, Socioeconomic category, Human, Female, Netherlands, Follow up study, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0364634
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 01/03/1996.