Prevalence of hepatitis C infection in health care workers affiliated with a liver transplant center.
The risk of hepatitis C to liver transplantation health care workers has not been identified.
We compared the occupational risk of hepatitis C in health care workers associated with liver transplantation with risk of health care workers affiliated with the same institutions but not involved in transplantations.
Health care workers were recruited from 2 transplant centers.
Participation was voluntary ; results were confidential.
An occupational and health history questionnaire was completed and blood was donated for testing.
Health care workers were categorized into 3 groups according to risk for hepatitis C infection : very high, high, and low risk.
A total of 241 health care workers were recruited from 2 transplant centers.
Fifty-nine percent (142/241) were female ; mean age was 38.7 years.
Health care workers included : 48.5% (117/241) nurses, 24.9% (60/241) physicians, and 17% (42/241) laboratory personnel.
The mean number of years in their occupation was 13.6 years (range<1 year to 38 years).
Twenty-four percent (57/241) were categorized in a very high risk occupation for hepatitis C, 66% (168/241) in a high risk occupation, and 10.8% (26/241) in a low risk occupation.
We conclude that health care workers associated with liver transplantation may be at a higher risk for hepatitis C when compared with health care workers not associated with transplantation.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hépatite virale C, Virose, Infection, Homme, Personnel sanitaire, Exposition professionnelle, Prévalence, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Viral hepatitis C, Viral disease, Infection, Human, Health staff, Occupational exposure, Prevalence, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0349608
Code Inist : 002B05C02G. Création : 01/03/1996.