Forensic DNA data banking by state crime laboratories.
The survey inquired into the labs'policies and procedures regarding the collection, storage, and analysis of samples ; the retention of samples and data ; search protocols ; access to samples and data by third parties ; and related matters.
The research suggests that (1) the number of samples collected from convicted offenders for DNA data banking has far surpassed the number that have been analyzed ; (2) data banks have already been used in a small but growing number of cases, to locate suspects and to identify associations between unresolved cases ; (3) crime labs currently plan to retain indefinitely the samples collected for their data banks ; and (4) the nature and extent of security safeguards that crime labs have implemented for their data banks vary among states.
The recently enacted DNA Identification Act (1994) will provide $40 million in federal matching grants to states for DNA analysis activities, so long as states comply with specified quality-assurance standards, submit to external proficiency testing, and limit access to DNA information.
Although these additional funds should help to ease some sample backlogs, it remains unclear how labs will allocate the funds, as between analyzing samples for their data banks and testing evidence samples in cases without suspects.
The DNA Identification Act provides penalties for the disclosure or obtaining of DNA data field by data banks that participate in CODIS, the FBI's evolving national network of DNA data banks.
Mots-clés Pascal : Médecine légale, Banque gène, Homme, DNA, Législation, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Legal medicine, Gene library, Human, DNA, Legislation, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0341347
Code Inist : 002B30A10. Création : 01/03/1996.