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  1. Cost analysis of antibiotic prophylaxis in clean head and neck surgery.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    This study was undertaken to assess the excess cost of hospitalization accrued to patients who develop postoperative wound infection following neck dissection in which the wound was not exposed to secretions from the upper aerodigestive tract.

    Design 

    A retrospective cohort of patients who underwent « clean » neck dissection From 1976 to 1989 were evaluated.

    Antibiotic administration (yes or no), postoperative wound infection (yes or no), and duration and cost of hospitalization were assessed.

    Setting 

    All surgeries were performed in a university medical center.

    Patients 

    All patients underwent neck dissection in which the procedure was clean, ie, there was no exposure to secretions from the upper aerodigestive tract.

    Results 

    Wound infection developed in 10 (10%) of 99 patients who did not receive antibiotics.

    Of 93 patients who received perioperative antibiotics, three (3.3%) developed wound infection.

    This difference was not statistically significant.

    The type II (bêta) error was greater than 0.2, suggesting that a signiFicant difference may have been missed (false-negative) as a result of the small number of patients studied.

    The excess cost accrued to each patient who developed a postoperative wound infection was in excess of $36 000.

    The cost of administration of antibiotic prophylaxis to 100 patients is less than this amount.

    Conclusion 

    The decision to withhold antibiotic prophylaxis should not be made in an effort to reduce hospital costs.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Complication, Prévention, Chimiothérapie, Antibiotique, Chirurgie, Analyse coût, Tête cou, Rétrospective

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Complication, Prevention, Chemotherapy, Antibiotic, Surgery, Cost analysis, Head and neck, Retrospective

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0337187

    Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 01/03/1996.