The impact of knowledge of human immunodeficiency virus serostatus on contraceptive choice and repeat pregnancy.
To examine relationships among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) serostatus, postpartum contraceptive choice, and the rate of repeat pregnancy within a short interval.
This retrospective cohort study was performed in 83 seropositive and 215 seronegative women identified from an inner-city prenatal population undergoing routine voluntary HIV antibody screening from July 1957 through June 1959.
Postpartum contraceptive choices and rate of repeat pregnancies were compared based on HIV serostatus.
Seropositive women were significantly more likely than seronegative women to undergo tubal sterilization..
Seropositive women were significantly less likely than seronegative women to select oral contraceptives, a relationship that persisted after controlling for age, race, marital status, parity, and foam and condom use.
Seropositive women were significantly more likely than seronegative women to select foam and condoms as their primary method of contraception, a relationship that did not penist after controlling for age, race, marital status, and parity.
The risk of repeat pregnancy was slightly lower in seropositive versus seronegative women.
Most repeat pregnancies among seropositive and seronegative women were unplanned (90 and 82%, respectively).
There was a relationship between the method of postpartum contraception and HIV serostatus, but no significant difference in repeat pregnancy rates associated with choice of method.
Mots-clés Pascal : Séropositivité, SIDA, Contraception, Postpartum, Connaissance, Coping, Comportement, Gestation, Etude comparative, Virose, Infection
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Seropositivity, AIDS, Contraception, Puerperium, Knowledge, Coping, Behavior, Pregnancy, Comparative study, Viral disease, Infection
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0336955
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 01/03/1996.