The creation of developmentally and culturally appropriate data-gathering instruments is necessary as health researchers and interventionists expand their investigations to community-based minority adolescent populations.
The creation of such instruments is a complex process, requiring the integration of multiple data-gathering and analytic approaches.
Recent efforts have delineated several issues to be considered in survey design for minority populations :
community collaboration ;
problem conceptualization ;
application of the presumed model of behavioral change ;
and dialect and format of delivery.
This paper describes the process of creating a culturally and developmentally appropriate, theoretically grounded instrument for use in monitoring the impact of an AIDS educational intervention on the behavior and health outcomes of urban African-American pre-adolescents and early adolescents.
Three phases of research were involved :
Preliminary (and ongoing) ethnographic research including extensive participant observation, as well as, focus group and individual interviews with 65 youths ; construction and testing of the preliminary instrument involving two waves of pilot testing (N1=57 ; N2=45) ; and, finalization of the instrument including reliability testing and assessment of tool constructs and selection of the mode of delivery (involving 2 additional waves of pilot testing (N3=91 ; N4=351).
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Prise risque, Questionnaire, Méthode mesure, Milieu culturel, Education sanitaire, Fidélité test, Préadolescent, Homme, Adolescent, Noir américain, Milieu urbain, Statut socioéconomique, Pauvreté, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, Psychométrie, Passation test
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Risk taking, Questionnaire, Measurement method, Cultural environment, Health education, Test reliability, Preadolescent, Human, Adolescent, Black American, Urban environment, Socioeconomic status, Poverty, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency, Psychometrics, Testing
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0331078
Code Inist : 002A26N06. Création : 01/03/1996.