Nutritional supplementation during early childhood and bone mineralization during adolescence.
American Public Health Associations. Annual meeting. New York NY USA, 1990/10.
To assess the long-term impact of nutritional supplementation on bone mineralization during adolescence, we studied 356 Guatemalan adolescents who participated from birth to 7 y of age in a controlled supplementation trial.
Bone mineralization of the distal radius was assessed using single photon absorptiometry.
Children who consumed more cumulative energy from the supplement during childhood had greater bone mineral content, bone width and bone mineral density during adolescence than those who consumed less energy.
The associations remained after controlling for each subject's age and gender, and for the type of supplement consumed, but became statistically nonsignificant after adjusting for weight and stature.
Because intake of supplement also was associated positively with weight and stature during adolescence, it is concluded that supplementing malnourished children can have a demonstrable long-term impact on bone mineralization, but that the effects are probably not beyond those due to improvements in overall somatic growth associated with supplementation.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etude longitudinale, Régime alimentaire enrichi, Protéine, Energie, Age préscolaire, Programme alimentaire, Minéralisation, Os, Développement postnatal, Pays en développement, Politique sanitaire, Alimentation, Nutrition, Système ostéoarticulaire, Squelette, Enfant, Homme, Adolescent, Milieu rural, Guatemala, Amérique Centrale, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Follow up study, Supplemented diet, Proteins, Energy, Preschool age, Food planning, Mineralization, Bone, Postnatal development, Developing countries, Health policy, Feeding, Nutrition, Osteoarticular system, Skeleton, Child, Human, Adolescent, Rural environment, Guatemala, Central America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0328443
Code Inist : 002B29B. Création : 01/03/1996.